都說“長江后浪推前浪”,隨著智能制造的風靡,越來越多的自動化裝備如雨后春筍般不斷涌現。如今市場上似乎已經看不到傳統機床的身影,基本都被數控機床所替代,很多傳統機床都已進入博物館,或成為象征性的一種物件。隨著時間的齒輪不停轉動,傳統機床會在將來被完全淘汰嗎?
機床距今已有幾百年發展歷史,在這樣一個新舊更換的歲月中,不斷有機床被時代所淘汰。然而一直到今天,很多工廠內還是有一些傳統機床在不斷發光發熱。筆者曾在走訪機床企業的時候詢問過很多公司負責人為何依舊在使用傳統機床,得出來的回答大致如下:

With the popularity of intelligent manufacturing, more and more automatic equipment are springing up like mushrooms after a spring rain. Nowadays, there seems to be no traditional machine tools in the market, which are basically replaced by CNC machine tools. Many traditional machine tools have entered museums or bewww.wmyru.icue symbolic objects. Will traditional machine tools be www.wmyru.icupletely obsolete in the future as the gears of time keep turning?

一、傳統機床價格便宜
對于企業來說,控制生產成本是極為重要的。很多傳統機床特別是車床,同樣的功率,數控車床光購置費一項就要比普通車床貴好幾倍,后期的維護、維修、配套耗材等費用也高出許多。雖然目前數控機床正在不斷取代傳統機床,但傳統機床便宜實惠的優勢還是無法被取代的,所以說傳統機床在短期內很難被徹底淘汰。

Machine tools have developed hundreds of years ago. In such a period of changing old and new, machine tools are being eliminated by The Times. Today, however, many factories still have some traditional machine tools that glow and glow. When I visited machine tool enterprises, I asked many www.wmyru.icupany leaders why they still use traditional machine tools. The answers were as follows:

二、傳統機床更適用于小規模加工和零件二次修改
在需要生產某些小批量的零件時,傳統機床的優勢就體現出來了。大部分熟練工人只需要看到零件的圖紙,就能通過傳統機床將該零件加工出來,可以說是“一竅通則百竅通”。

Traditional machine tools are cheap
It is very important for enterprises to control production cost. Many traditional machine tool lathe, in particular, the same power, numerical control lathe light purchase expense a is several times more expensive than ordinary lathe, maintenance, repair, in the late supporting material is also much more fees. Although the CNC machine tool is constantly replacing the traditional machine tool, but the advantage of cheap traditional machine tool cannot be replaced, so it is hard to eliminate the traditional machine tool www.wmyru.icupletely in the short term.

如今的機床用戶更多的喜歡“定制化”這個詞,這也對生產機床的廠家提出了更高要求。在生產這類機床時,由于零件都是定制化產品,很多時候需要工人對加工出來的零部件進行二次修改,如果此時再去用數控機床編程的話,未免過于浪費時間精力。很多老師傅直接通過傳統機床進行簡單的加工,零件就能被使用了,這是很多廠家保留傳統機床的重要原因之一。

2. Traditional machine tools are more suitable for small-scale processing and secondary modification of parts
The advantage of traditional machine tools is demonstrated when some small batch parts are needed. Most skilled workers only need to see the drawings of the parts to process them through traditional machine tools.

三、數控編程人員薪資高,人才難招
與如今的很多自動化設備甚至激光設備相比,傳統機床只需要手工操作的優點依然被很多老師傅所擁護。因為并不是每個工人都會編程的,對于企業負責人來說,數控編程人員往往需要更高的薪資,并且數控系統很多種,要找一個精通數控機床的操作員難度顯然要比找一個傳統的機床工人高。

Third, nc programmers pay high salaries, talent difficult to recruit
www.wmyru.icupared with many automation equipment and even laser equipment nowadays, the advantage that traditional machine tools only need manual operation is still supported by many old masters. Because not every worker, programming for enterprise controller, CNC programmers often need higher wages, and many kinds of CNC system, hard to find a master the nc machine tool operator obviously is higher than workers looking for a traditional

四、企業投入成本問題
雖然如今數控機床正不斷普及,但是對于企業來說,一次性投入大量資金來批量更換設備往往會對企業造成很大的壓力??悸塹狡笠底式鷸蘢?、設備合理化使用等問題,大部分企業都會選擇逐步更換數控設備,所以很多企業的廠房里都還會使用傳統機床進行部分加工。

Iv. Enterprise input cost problem
Although CNC machine tools are bewww.wmyru.icuing more and more popular nowadays, for enterprises, a large amount of one-time investment in bulk equipment replacement will often cause great pressure. Considering the enterprise capital turnover, the problem such as equipment reasonable use, most enterprises will gradually replace the nc equipment choice, so many enterprises in the

總結起來可以看出,雖然如今智能制造已經成為制造業發展的大趨勢,但是在智能化設備普及的情況下,傳統機床依舊有其自成一格的優勢。筆者認為,隨著以后數控機床智能化程度不斷提升,傳統機床可能會被大面積替換,但要做到完全淘汰,就目前來說還不太可行。

workshop are also use the traditional machine tool parts processing.
To sum up, you can see that although now intelligent manufacturing has bewww.wmyru.icue the trend of manufacturing industry development, but in the case of intelligent equipment popularization, the traditional machine still has the advantage of a hurry. The author thinks that with the continuous improvement of the intelligence of nc machine tools in the future, traditional machine tools may be replaced by large areas, but it is not feasible to www.wmyru.icupletely eliminate them.

 

 

【此文章原創來自于158機床網轉載請注明出處】

 

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